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Malaria Statistics

Malaria is one of the world’s deadliest diseases, it has a tremendous social and economic impact and is preventable.

Half of the world is at risk

Half of the world is at risk. In 2018 the WHO reported an estimated 228 million cases in 87 countries worldwide, the majority are pregnant women and children.

A child dies from malaria every two minutes

In 2018 malaria claimed 405,000 lives, children under the age of 5accounted for 67% of these deaths.

More than 90% of all malaria deaths occur in Africa.

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Current Control Methods

Mass Drug Administration

Mass Drug Administration involves providing a full course of anti-malarial drugs (Artemisinin-based combination therapies ACTs) are the frontline treatment for malaria), irrespective of the knowledge of symptoms or presence of infection, to an entire population to rapidly reduce the incidence and prevalence of the disease in the area.

Mosquito Nets

Mosquito Nets, or Long-Lasting Insecticide treated bed Nets (LLINs), prevent malaria by creating a protective barrier against mosquitoes at night, when transmission typically occurs.

Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS)

Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) involves spraying long-lasting insecticide on the inside walls of people’s homes where mosquitoes usually rest for about 36 hours after feeding on a person. IRS helps kill mosquitoes and reduce the rate of malaria transmission

Malaria Control Challenges

Access and Knowledge

Prompt diagnosis and treatment is the most effective way to prevent severe illness and death. Many people in malaria-endemic countries do not have access to health care, funds to pay for care, or understanding of when to seek care. Health systems in these malaria-endemic countries often lack tools and resources they need. Improved systems for monitoring and accurate reporting of malaria data are needed. Access to malaria controls (MDA, LLINs, and IRS) are also dependent on funding, available resources, education, and consistent use and availability.

Global Investment

In most malaria-endemic African countries malaria control is funded in part or entirely by external sources. The cost of sustaining malaria control and elimination efforts continues to rise without an increase in the global financial commitment.

Biological Threats

Mosquitoes are developing resistance to insecticides and the parasites are developing resistance to drugs. This means the current control methods are not always as effective as they once were.
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